COMMUNICATIVE VERSION OF THE SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORY: JÜ. HABERMAS
The aim of this paper is to substantiate the fact that the problem of social contract, its main mechanisms and ways of concluding has been particularly, but still not sufficiently developed in understanding of works of Jürgen Habermas. The author’s special attention is paid to the desire of the German philosopher to solve urgent social problems using the concept of communication, in which he has mixed the reasonableness, ethics and freedom. In conditions of the current economic and social crisis the idea of communication by Habermas, as a significant basis for our moral unity with others (not only closest, but also distant people), is fundamentally important. The communicative project of the Habermas’ social agreement is coherently reconstructed. In this project the real concordance depends on the voluntary, rational, resisting to manipulation and external compulsion, approval of a certain statement. In Habermas' communicative theory the discourse does not break the social relations, but constructs them taking into account the interests of every participant.
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