PREREQUISITES OF THE ENGLISH MERCHANTILE MARINE DEVELOPMENT

Author(s): 
List of sections: 
History of international relations and external policy
Mounth / Year: 
2015, February
Issue of the journal: 
5
Pages: 
3-5
Type of the article: 
Scientific article
Abstract: 

In XIV-XVI centuries, development of foreign trade in England promoted the development of military merchant navy and the shipbuilding. On the basis of navigation acts (1369, 1381, 1382, 1390, 1489, 1520) the rent of military ships by traders and adventurers ensured safe movement of merchant ships and protection of them from pirate attacks on the one hand and facilitated the development of marine fleet in England on the other. During the reign of Henry VIII, there were 18 ships in the English navy and in 1547 there were 50 ships. By the ending of Elisabeth I (1603) reign, there were 200 military and transport ships in the English navy.

Keywords: 
navigation, council acts, confiscation, Hanse, mercer, adventurers, company, fair, barge.
References: 

1. ‘’The Acts of Court the Mercer,s Company (1453-1528)’’ – W.th.an introduction by L. Lyell assisted by F.D. Watney. - Cambridge., 1936.
2. Lipson E.A., A Short History of wool and manufacture. - London., 1955. http://dx.doi.org/10.4159/harvard.9780674337121
3. Keningem U., Rost anglijskoj promyshlennosti i torgovli v rannij period i srednie veka [Growth of the English industry and trade during the early period and the Middle Ages]. - Moskva., 1909
4. Treveljan Dzh. M., Social'naja istorija Anglii [Social history of England]. - Moskva., 1959
5. Kniga dlja chtenija po istorii srednih vekov pod red. P.G. Vinogradova [Book for reading on the history of Middle Ages, edited by P.G. Vinogradov]. Issue 4. - Moskva., 1910
6. Menteshashvili I.Sh. Soprikosnovenie civilizacii Zapada i Vostoka v period dejatel'nosti v Indii Anglijskoj Ost-Indijskoj kompanii [Contact of civilizations of the West and the East during the period of activity of the English East India Company in India]. - Tbilisi., 1987.
7. Oltarzhevskij V.P. Anglijskaja Ost-Indijskaja kompanija v XVІ­-XVIІ [English East India Company in XVІ­XVIІ centuries]. - Irkutsk., 1988