UKRAINIAN INTELLECTUALS AND CLERGY OF TRANSCARPATHIA AS OBJECTS OF THE MAGARIZATION POLICY IN THE LATE ХIХ – EARLY XX CENTURY

Author(s): 
List of sections: 
Domestic history
Mounth / Year: 
2014, February
Issue of the journal: 
2
Pages: 
5-8
Type of the article: 
Scientific article
Abstract: 

The article represents the process of Magyarization of Ukrainian intelligentsia and clergy of Transcarpathia in the late 19th – early 20th century. Results of its implementation by the Hungarian authorities are reflected. Attention is focused on the negative influence of the assimilation of Ukrainian nation on the development of national movement in the region.

Keywords: 
intelligentsia, clergy, Ukrainian nation, Ruthenians, Magarization, Transcarpathia
References: 

1. Gnatjuk V. Ugrorus'ka mizerija [Uhrorus junk], Zhytje i slovo [Life and word]. – L'viv. – 1897. – Vol. 6. Book 1. – Pp. 46-62.
2. Deshho z ugors'koi' Rusy, Bukovyna [Some of Russia Hungary, Bukovina]. – Chernivci'. – 1897. – Part 30.
3. Dragomanov M. Avstro-rus'ki spomyny (1867-1877) [Austro-Russian memories], Literaturno-publicystychni praci [Literary and journalistic works]. – Vol. 2. – Kyi'v; Naukova dumka, 1970. – Pp. 151-288.
4. Duhnovych O. Lyst do Ja. Golovac'kogo [Letter to J. Glovatskiy]. Prjashov, 25 May (6 June) 1853., Korespondencyja Jakova Golovac'kogo v litah 1850-1862 [Jacob Glovatskiy correspondence in 1850-1862 years]. Issued by Dr. Kyrylo Studyns'kyj. – L'viv; Scintific society named after Shevchenko, 1905. – Pp. 74-75.
5. Zapyska Aleksandra Duhnovycha 1858 [Alexandra Duhnovich note 1858], Naukovyj zbirnyk Muzeju ukrai'ns'koi' kul'tury u Svydnyku [Scientific collection of the Ukrainian Culture Museum in Svidnik]. – 1998. – No. 21. – Pp. 313-394.
6. Zapyska Aleksandra Duhnovycha [Alexandra Duhnovich note]. From 1861, Naukovyj zbirnyk Muzeju ukrai'ns'koi' kul'tury u Svydnyku [Scientific collection of the Ukrainian Culture Museum in Svidnik]. – 1995. – No. 20. – Pp. 528-642.
7. Yzъ zapysokъ russkogo turysta, Slovo [From the notes of Russian tourists, Word]. – L'vovъ. – 1885. – Part. 119.
8. Yzъ Ugorskoj Rusy, Slovo [From Hungarian Russia, Word]. – L'vovъ. – 1865. – Part 63.
9. I my v Jevropi. Protest galyc'kyh Rusyniv proty madjars'kogo tysjacholittja [We in Europe. Protest of the Galician Ruthenians against Hungarian millennium]. L'viv. 1896, Zhytje i slovo. – L'viv. – 1896. – Vol. 5. Book 1. – Pp. 2-9.
10. I. S. Z ugors'koi' Ukrai'ny [From Hungarian Ukraine], Vistnyk Sojuza vyzvolennja Ukrai'ny [Bulletin of Ukraine Liberation Union]. – Viden'. – 1915. – Part. 59-60.
11. K. Yzъ Ugorskoj Rusy, Slovo [From Hungarian Russia, Word]. – L'vovъ. – 1862. – Part 3.
12. Makarenko N. Zakarpattja pid tyskom madjaryzacii' [Transcarpathia under the magyarization pressure]: 1867-1914, N. Makarenko, Naukovi zapysky Instytutu politychnyh i etnonacional'nyh doslidzhen' im. I.F. Kurasa NAN Ukrai'ny [Scientific notes of the Political and Ethnic Studies Institute]. – Kyiv, 2008. – Issue. 37. – Pp. 176-187.
13. Ohrymovych V. Vrazhinja z Ugorskoi Rusy, Narod [Enemy from Hungarian Russia
People]. – L'viv. – 1895. – No. 6.
14. Pap S. Istorija Zakarpattja [The history of Transcarpathia], o. Stepan Pap: Tom III. – Ivano-Frankivs'k: Nova Zorja, 2003. – 648 p.
15. Pekar A. Narysy istorii' cerkvy Zakarpattja [Essays on the church history in Transcarpathia.]. Volume I. Jerarhichne oformlennja [Hierarchical design], Atanasij V. Pekar. – Rym: OO. Vasylijany, 1967. – 241 p.
16. Proekt' polytycheskoj programy dlja Rusy avstrijskoj [Political program draft for Russia Austria.]. – L'vov', Stavropygijskij ynstytut, 1871. – 44 p.
17. Promova Adol'fa Dobzhans'kogo (Dobrjans'kogo) pid chas zagal'nogo obgovorennja proektu zakonu pro nacional'nosti [Speech by Adolf Dobrza?ski (Dobriansky) during the general debate on the law on nationality draft]. 25 November 1868., Do istorii' nacional'nyh menshyn Avstro-Ugorshhyny (XIX – poch. XX st.) [On the history of Austria-Hungary minority (XIX - beg. of the twentieth century)], Ordering Kobalja J.V.; introd. Hudanycha V.I. – Uzhgorod; Karpaty-G'razhda, 2001. – Pp. 11-12.
18. Propashhi Rusyny ugors'ki [Lost Hungarian Rusyns]. II., Bukovyna. – Chernivci'. – 1895. – Ch. 39.
19. Smijan P.K. Revoljucijnyj ta nacional'no-vyzvol'nyj ruh na Zakarpatti kincja XIX – pochatku XX st [The revolutionary and national-liberation movement in Transcarpathia of late XIX - early XX century.]., P.K.Smijan. – L.: Publisher of L'viv university, 1968. – 208 p.
20. Stryps'kyj G. Moskvofilizm, ukrai'nizm i vitchyznjani rusnaky [Moskvofilizm, Ukrainisms and domestic Rusniaks], Gijador Stryps'kyj, Naukovyj visnyk Uzhgorods'kogo universytetu. Serija: Istorija [Scientific Bulletin of the Uzhgorod University. Series: History], Uzhgorod. state. uni. – Issue 20. – Uzhgorod; Publisher of UzhSU «Goverla», 2008. – Pp. 264-273.
21. Uriylъ Meteorъ (Y. A. Syl'vaj). Avtobiografija [Autobiography]. – Uzhgorod; Shkol'naja Pomoshh', 1938. – 131 p.
22. Fatula R. S. Madjaryzacija osvity na Zakarpatti v kinci XIX – na pochatku XX stolit' [Magarization education in the Carpathian region in the late XIX - early XX centuries], R.S. Fatula, Grani [Facets]. – D.: Dnipropetrovs'k state. uni., Centr soc.-polit .doslidzhen'[Center of social political reserches], 2011, No. 4. – Pp. 162-164.
23. Shandor V. Zakarpattja. Istorychno-pravovyj narys vid IX st. do 1920 [Transcarpathia. Historical legal essay from the ninth century to 1920], Vikentij Shandor. – N'ju-Jork; Karpats'kyj Sojuz, 1992. – 292 p.
24. Shtefan A. Za pravdu i volju: Spomyny i deshho z istorii' Karpats'koi' Ukrai'ny vid davnih daven do 1927 [For Truth and Freedom: Memoirs and some of the history of Carpatho-Ukraine from ancient times to 1927], Avgustyn Shtefan. – Book. 2. – Toronto: Probojem, 1981. – 384 p.
25. Dobrzanszky Adolf. K?pvisel? urnak az als?h?z 1868-diki october ho 19-k?n tartott I. Besz?de. Pest, Nyomatott Kunosy es Rethynel. 1868. – 7 oldal.
26. Mayer M. K?rp?tukr?n (ruszin) politikai ?s t?rsadalmi t?rekv?sek: 1860-1910, M?ria Mayer. – Budapest: Akad?miai Kiad?, 1977. – 255 p.
27. Programm zur Durchf?hrung der nationalen Autonomie in ?sterreich (Fon einem Slaven). – Wien, Verlag des «Parlamenta?r», 1885. – 167 p.
28. Scotus Viator. Racial problems in Hungar, Scotus Viator [R. W. Seton-Watson]. – London: Archibald Sonstable & Co. Ltd, 1908. – 546 p.
29. ?eguc I. Die nationalpolitischen Bestrebungen der Karpato-Ruthenen 1848-1914, ?eguc Ivan. – Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1965. – 145 P.